Archive 30

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‘Climate Change and Displacement’

This article from the UN Refugee Agency examines how both conflict and climate change can combine to drive people from their homes and create instances of forced displacement. It focuses particularly on the intersection between international refugee law and climate change, but notes that “the interplay between climate, conflict, poverty and persecution greatly increases the complexity of refugee emergencies”.

New UN Human Rights Guidance on “Less-Lethal Weapons in Law Enforcement”

The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has issued new guidance materials on the appropriate and lawful use of “less-lethal weapons” in law enforcement. The United Nations Human Rights Guidance on Less-Lethal Weapons in Law Enforcement is based on international law (particularly international human rights law), and is designed to build upon existing standards such as the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials. A diverse group of experts from various fields helped the OHCHR draft these new materials, including academics, UN representatives, law enforcement officials, NGOs and manufacturers:

International Organisations Accountability Symposium

In 2017, Seton Hall Law School hosted a symposium on UN Accountability, focusing particularly on mass torts and breaches of international law and human rights. A written volume of the symposium proceedings was subsequently published in early 2019 by Kristen E Boon and Frédéric Mégret, and is available online here.

‘The Importance of Submarines to Australia’s National Security’

This piece by the Submarine Institute of Australia was published on the Australian Defence Magazine website last week. It seeks to defend and explain why submarines hold particular relevance for Australia’s current and future strategic environment, and examines which technologies should be considered for Australia’s 12 new Attack class submarines.

“Direct threat” posed by climate change to Australian national security

An article by Admiral (Ret) Chris Barrie – published on the ANU’s College of Asia & The Pacific website – argues that climate change is having a serious impact on Australia’s future national security. Barrie identifies some of the particular security risks faced by Australia in coming years, and criticises the “lack of urgency and response” shown […]

‘What Changed for the World’s Conflicts at the UN General Assembly?

This Crisis Group Q&A analyses proceedings at the UN General Assembly’s recent high-level session in New York, and the potential future impacts for crisis diplomacy. The authors identify key trends coming out of discussions, and highlight some of the key conflicts that were priorities for delegates.

US endorsement of Turkish military operations in Syria

Initial reports summarising the widely-criticised move are available from The GuardianThe New York Times and Foreign Policy, among others. The Centre for International and Strategic Studies has also published a Q&A analysing the implications of a Turkish intervention in northern Syria for the region and wider world.

The recent White House announcement comes on the heels of the Syria Study Group’s final report – published late last month, it identified five key threats to US security in Syria, and emphasised that the US should actually be redoubling its stabilisation efforts in the country.

New UNDP Report: Yemen Could Become Poorest Country in the World By 2022

A recent report by the UNDP indicates that Yemen will become the poorest country in the world if its ongoing civil conflict continues until 2022. The UNDP’s report focuses particularly on achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Yemen, and its research suggests that 65% of the population will be living in extreme poverty by 2022.

‘Autonomous Weapons Systems: When is the Right Time to Regulate?’

A new post of the ICRC’s Humanitarian Law & Policy blog probes the ongoing debate surrounding Autonomous Weapons Systems (AWS) regulation. The author (Neil C Renic, Researcher at the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg), investigates the appropriately timing of regulating these technologies, and suggests that “the best opportunity to achieve meaningful control over AWS may be when the entry of the technology to the battlefield appears imminent”.

The Asia-Pacific Centre for Military Law is operated by the University of Melbourne and it is not an agent of, nor affiliated with, or part of, the Australian Government or the Department of Defence.