In a speech to the Pentagon on 9 August, Vice President of the United States Mike Pence announced that the US Department of Defence will establish a sixth branch of the armed forces – the US Department of the Space Force – by 2020. Various affiliated command and joint organisations will also be created. The announcement follows a seven-week review by the Department of Defence, and comes as Russia and China develop sophisticated new weapons capable of operating in outer space.
Increased News Chatter as Coalition Closes In on ISIS
On 9 August, the 73rd anniversary of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki was commemorated. At a Peace Memorial Ceremony in Japan, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres described Nagasaki a “global inspiration” for peace, but also sounded a warning that the threat of nuclear war still prevails today. Towards the close of WWII, the United States detonated […]
New Book Published: Internationalized Armed Conflicts in International Law by Dr Kubo Mačák
- In Part I, the book puts forward a thorough catalogue of modalities of conflict internationalization that includes outside intervention, State dissolution, and recognition of belligerency. It then specifically considers the legal qualification of complex situations that feature more than two conflict parties and contrasts the mechanism of internationalization of armed conflicts with the reverse process of de-internationalization.
- Part II of the book challenges the conventional wisdom that members of non-State armed groups do not normally benefit from combatant status. It argues that the majority of fighters belonging to non-State armed groups in most types of internationalized armed conflicts are in fact eligible for combatant status.
- Finally, Part III turns to belligerent occupation, traditionally understood as a leading example of a notion that cannot be transposed to armed conflicts occurring in the territory of a single State. By contrast, the book argues in favour of the applicability of the law of belligerent occupation to internationalized armed conflicts.
100 Year Anniversary of “Der Schwarze Tag”
According to UN News, a new Ebola outbreak is currently taking place in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The longstanding conflict in the region – involving over 100 armed groups – is complicating the task of containment for the World Health Organisation.
Between July 23 – 26, the military commission in United States v Khalid Sheikh Mohammad et al reconvened for pretrial proceedings. The Commission covered a wide range of topics, including competing theories of “hostilities” under the laws of war. The proceedings are summarised in more detail by the Lawfare blog here. The case concerns the trial of five alleged Al-Qaeda members […]
Suicide Attack in Afghan Mosque May Amount to War Crimes, according to UN
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