Women, Peace and Security (WPS)


Contemporary Issues


Arms Control, Disarmament and the WPS Agenda

In September 2019, Professor Christine Chinkin addressed the UN Institute for Disarmament Research, speaking on this topic. In her lecture, Professor Chinkin links disarmament with the WPS agenda’s key pillars, demonstrating how disarmament is central in achieving the agenda’s aims, and how the international law of peace might be strengthened by concretely making those links. The text of the lecture is available here.

WPS: “Defending Progress and Responding to Emerging Threats

In June 2019, ASPI launched its third annual Strategic Insights paper on WPS, focusing particularly on Australia’s engagement in the Pacific and emerging security challenges such as cyber security, health security, climate instability and resource management.


Chatham House: “Women in the Armed Forces: Improving Integration”

Video of a recent expert panel discussing the international landscape of women’s involvement in armed forces worldwide and the opportunities/challenges of further integrating women into close combat roles.


Security Council Resolutions

In 2000, the United Nations Security Council considered the impact of war on women via the adoption of Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (“WPS”). This has been followed by nine further resolutions, thereby creating an institutionalised WPS agenda:

Resolution 1325

Resolution 1820

Resolution 1888

Resolution 1889

Resolution 1960

Resolution 2106

Resolution 2122

Resolution 2242

Resolution 2467

Resolution 2493 

National Action Plans

The Australian National Action Plan (“NAP”) 2012-18 is a whole-of-government policy coordinated by the Office for Women, designed to implement the WPS agenda and its underlying Security Council Resolutions.

Australia’s second NAP is currently in development. Periodic progress reports, independent reviews and associated key documents are listed below:

Books and Publications

Radhika Coomaraswamy, Preventing Conflict, Transforming Justice, Securing the Peace: A Global Study on the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 

Published in 2015, the Global Study is a landmark document which reviews the challenges and lessons learned in the implementation of the WPS agenda over the past 15 years since 2000.

Sarah E Davies and Jacqui True (eds), The Oxford Handbook on Women, Peace and Security

This important book aims to build on the findings of the 2015 Global Study, by bringing together academics, practitioners and policymakers to provide a comprehensive overview of past, present and future WPS implementation efforts.

Research websites

The Asia-Pacific Centre for Military Law is operated by the University of Melbourne and it is not an agent of, nor affiliated with, or part of, the Australian Government or the Department of Defence.