In 1999 Australia's first Juris Doctor (JD) program began at Melbourne Law School. It offered graduates from other disciplines a qualification recognised for admission to legal practice. The JD degree is now the primary law degree.

In 2002, staff and students of the Faculty of Law finally moved to the new, purpose-built premises in Pelham Street opposite University Square.

New Melbourne Law School building
New Melbourne Law School building on Pelham Street, Carlton.

After the school moved to a full graduate entry requirement in 2008 the final LLB students graduated in 2012.

International partnerships now connect MLS to the leading law schools in the United Kingdom, Asia and North America and include flagship dual program degrees with Oxford University, Cambridge, New York University, University of British Columbia and the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

JD students are able to apply to earn additional degrees from any of these premier law schools, earning unparalleled access to the international job market and experiencing the most sophisticated forms of legal work.

Students also have the opportunity to participate in the Center for Transnational Legal Studies (CTLS), which allows them to study in London and be taught by professors from around the world.

The CTLS addresses the need for law graduates to have experience in, and dealing with, legal problems that cross national boundaries, legal systems and cultures.

In 2006, an international review concluded: "No faculty of law in North America comes close to replicating the rich array of offerings, and the scope and diversity of teachers", as those of Melbourne Law School's graduate program. MLS is committed to creating and sustaining a culture of excellence, measured against the best law schools in the world.