Ms Nava Nuraniyah

Mobilising Islam under Repression: Explaining Variations in Islamist Strategies in Indonesia

Ms Nava Nuraniyah
Ms Nava Nuraniyah

Islamist opposition movements in Indonesia have survived and evolved despite growing state repression since 2017. My research looks at the major groups behind the watershed
2016 Islamist mobilisation: the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI), Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI), the Brotherhood of 212 Alumni (PA 212), and the modernist-Salafi groups Wahdah Islamiyah and Arrahman Qur’anic Learning (AQL). Islamist responses to repression can be categorised into: political resistance; violent radicalisation; strategic restraint; and engagement. To explain the divergent organisational strategies, I propose an original framework consisting of three causal factors: organisational identity, asset size and ownership, and leadership structure.

Author’s biography

Navhat (Nava) Nuraniyah is a PhD scholar at the Department of Political and Social Change, ANU. From 2015 to early 2020, she was an analyst at the Jakarta-based Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict (IPAC), where she wrote several reports on violent extremism and Islamist social movements in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. Before joining IPAC, she worked as a researcher at the Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Singapore. Her work
has  been  published  in  academic  journals  and  media  such  as Terrorism  and  Political
Violence, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, The New York Times, and Sydney Morning Herald