The Constitution Transformation Network brings together researchers and practitioners to explore the phenomenon of constitutional transformation.Find out more
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ConTransNet produces a quarterly newsletter providing updates on the activities of our members, as well as reflections on constitutional transformation issues generally.Newsletter
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28 February 2020Publication
What is Constitutional Transformation?
Constitutional transformation is the phenomenon of constitutional change and conceptual changes in our understanding of the idea of a Constitution itself.Read more
What do we do?
We have expertise in constitutional law, comparative constitutional law, international law...Read more
We are researchers, practitioners and organisations interested in the phenomenon of constitutional transformation…Read more
Our Melbourne and Global Network members have experience across all regions of the world, with a particular focus on Asia and the Pacific.Read more
What is Constitutional Transformation?
Constitutional transformation is the practice of constitution making and change. It encompasses:
- Making new constitutions or major changes to existing constitutions
- Processes prior to constitution-making, such as conflict resolution, peace building or catalysts for change
- Processes after formal constitutional change, including transition, implementation and interpretation
Constitutional transformation is a time of great promise, but also difficulty and risk. By combining an understanding of the particular context of the polity undertaking constitutional change with comparative insights from the diversity of world experience, the promise of constitutional change can be realised, and the risks mitigated.
Constitutional transformation also refers to a major conceptual shift in how we understand the idea of a constitution itself. Most people share a general understanding of a Constitution as the framework of government for a state and its people. Beyond this, different understandings of the idea of a Constitution emerge from different constitutional traditions, different contexts in which Constitutions take effect, and different purposes that they serve. In addition, the interface between international and domestic influences increasingly affects how we understand constitutions, as regional and international bodies begin to take constitutional forms and domestic constitutions are ‘internationalised’.
ConTransNet’s teaching and research projects explore all aspects of constitutional transformation.
What do we do?
The Constitution Transformation Network is a network of scholars and practitioners with expertise and experience in making, changing and understanding constitutions. Based at Melbourne Law School, Australia, its work has a global reach, with a particular focus on Asia and the Pacific
The Constitution Transformation Network offers:
- Research into the practice and theory of constitutional transformation
- Advice on constitutional change and design in specific polities, on a public or confidential basis
- Brokered connections between country experts, comparative scholars and practitioners
- Workshops and events exploring the practice and theory of constitutional transformation
- Teaching and capacity-building programs
We have expertise in:
- Constitutional law
- Comparative constitutional law
- International law
- Military and international humanitarian law
- Regional law
We work across all regions of the world, with a particular focus on Asia and the Pacific.
We believe that a strong understanding of local context is critically important to the theory and practice of constitutional transformation.
We are committed to a practice of comparative constitutional law that is sensitive to the local context and local ownership of constitutions.
We value the range of insights to be gained by working closely with our networks of practitioners, scholars and local and international organisations.
We are committed to sharing our expertise to make a genuine difference to constitutional transformation in theory and practice.
The Constitution Transformation Network brings together researchers, practitioners and organisations interested in the phenomenon of constitutional transformation.
ConTransNet Convenors are a group of scholars with significant expertise and experience in constitutional law, comparative constitutional law, federalism, democracy-building and government.
Sectoral Expert Affiliates are scholars from Melbourne Law School with expertise in areas relating to constitutional transformation, including international law, military and humanitarian law, mining and resources and constitutional rights.
Regional Expert Affiliates are experts on the constitutional systems of states and regions.
ConTransNet draws on these affiliates, and an extensive network of scholars and practitioners in our projects, to inform country-specific, comparative and theoretical research and share a diversity of insights.
- Cheryl Saunders
- Will Partlett
- Anna Dziedzic
- Dinesha Samararatne
- Tom Gerald Daly
- Jayani Nadarajalingam
- Charmaine Rodrigues
- Aftab Hussain
CTN Sectoral Expert Affiliates
- Hilary Charlesworth
- Michael Crommelin
Federalism & Natural Resources
- Tarun Khaitan
Equality and Discrimination
- Bruce Oswald
- Adrienne Stone
Comparative Constitutional Law
CTN Regional Expert Affiliates
- Tim Lindsey
- Carlos Arturo Villagrán Sandoval
Central American Constitutions & Comparative Regionalism
Cheryl Saunders is a Laureate Professor Emeritus at Melbourne Law School and co-convenor of the Constitution Transformation Network. She works in the fields of comparative constitutional law and comparative public law more generally. She is a President Emeritus of the International Association of Constitutional Law and a former President of the International Association for Centres of Federal Studies. She is a senior technical advisor to the Constitution Building Program of International IDEA and a former Board Member of International IDEA.
Cheryl’s work in the field is characterised by two assumptions. The first is that comparative constitutional law should be as global as possible in its reach, in both theory and practice. The second is the importance of context in comparative constitutional law, including recognition and appreciation of difference, despite the realities of globalisation. Both inform her involvement in the activities of the Constitution Transformation Network. She participates in networks of constitutional scholars and practitioners throughout the world. She has written widely on aspects of comparative constitutional law, with a particular focus on constitution transformation in Asia and the Pacific. She has had practical involvement in constitution making and change in Asia, the Pacific, Africa and the middle east as an advisor with comparative expertise and an appreciation of how that can effectively be shared.
Current projects in which Cheryl is engaged that relate to the work of Constitution Transformation Network include an examination of the processes of constitutional transition in the face of territorial cleavages (with International IDEA, Center for Constitutional Transitions); an examination of the appropriate use of external advice in constitution building processes (with International IDEA, IACL, Venice Commission); and the concept of a constitution in an age of transnational practice (for Center on Globalization, Law and Society, UCI).
William Partlett is an Associate Professor at Melbourne Law School and a co-convenor of the Constitution Transformation Network. Before coming to Melbourne in 2015, William was an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law of Chinese University Hong Kong, a Postdoctoral Research Fellow and Lecturer at Columbia University Law School, and a Fellow at The Brookings Institution. William holds a JD from Stanford Law School as well as a DPhil in Soviet History and MPhil in Russian and East European Studies from the University of Oxford (where he was a Clarendon Scholar). He also holds an honours bachelor degree in International Affairs and Public Policy from Princeton University and speaks Russian.
William’s research broadly focuses on the role of history and institutions in constitution-making. Drawing on his background in Russian history, he is particularly interested in exploring the distinctive institutional legacies of the Russian constitutional tradition and their persistence in both post-Soviet and post-socialist constitution-making.
Anna Dziedzic is a Global Academic Fellow at the Faculty of Law, University of Hong Kong and a researcher at Melbourne Law School. She is a co-convenor of the Constitution Transformation Network. Anna’s research engages with the field of comparative constitutional law with a particular focus on the constitutional systems of polities in the Pacific region. She has written on aspects of constitution-making, federalism, judges and judging, and the interaction between constitutions and gender. Her doctoral thesis examined the use of foreign judges on courts of constitutional jurisdiction in Pacific island states. Her projects for ConTransNet include co-authorship of ‘Constitutional Implementation for Sustainable Peace’ funded by the Folke Bernadotte Academy and ‘Greater autonomy and independence for Bougainville: Institutional options and issues for transition’ for the National Research Institute of Papua New Guinea.
Anna has practical experience in governance, law reform and constitution-making in Australia and the Asia-Pacific region. She previously worked as a legal policy adviser in the Australian Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet and the Australian Law Reform Commission. She has also worked with government agencies, international organisations and NGOs in the Pacific region on a range of law reform projects. She holds a PhD from Melbourne Law School, an MA in Human Rights from University College London and first class honours degrees in Arts and Law from the Australian National University.
Tom Gerald Daly
Dr Tom Daly is Assistant Director of the Melbourne School of Government, Associate Director of the Edinburgh Centre for Constitutional Law at Edinburgh Law School, and a co-convenor of the Constitution Transformation Network at Melbourne Law School. He previously clerked for the Chief Justice of Ireland. He has worked on a variety of development projects worldwide at Edinburgh University’s Global Justice Academy, and as a consultant on Council of Europe, European Union, International IDEA, and Irish government projects, most recently managing a major Council of Europe project on ‘Strengthening Judicial Ethics in Turkey’.
Tom’s research focuses on the connections between law, policy and democratic governance, with a particular focus on young democracies and fragile democracies. His recent publications include an article on courts as ‘democracy-builders’ in Global Constitutionalism, a co-edited collection, Law and Policy in Latin America: Transforming Courts, Institutions, and Rights (Palgrave MacMillan, 2017), and a policy report on ‘The Judiciary and Constitutional Transitions’ (International IDEA and the International Development Law Organization (IDLO)). His book, The Alchemists: Questioning Our Faith in Courts as Democracy-Builders, will be published in October 2017 by Cambridge University Press.
His current research project concerns democratic decay worldwide and the use of public law as a remedial tool. He recently launched the Democratic Decay Resource. He is also a co-editor of the International Journal of Constitutional Law (I-Connect) blog, focusing on the theme of democratic decay. He also tweets on public law, democracy building and democratic decay @DemocracyTalk.
Dinesha Samararatne is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the ARC Laureate Program on Balancing Diversity and Social Cohesion in Democratic Constitutions, at the MLS Centre for Comparative Constitutional Studies. Her research focuses on constitution‐making and enforcement in a post‐war context. During this time, she is on leave from the Department of Public & International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Colombo.
Jayani Nadarajalingam is a lecturer with the Melbourne School of Government and is in the final stages of her PhD (at Monash University's Law and Arts (philosophy) faculties). She has a BA(Hons)/LLB(Hons) from Monash University and an LLM (Legal Theory) from New York University. Last year she was a Kathleen Fitzpatrick visiting fellow with the Laureate Program in Comparative Constitutional Law at Melbourne Law School.
Charmaine Rodrigues has more than 15 years development experience with a focus on political governance. She was the Global Constitutional Assistance Specialist at UNDP, where she managed the constitutional support portfolio for the Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (2012-14) and subsequently the Bureau for Programme and Policy Support (2014-15). During that time she developed the UNDP Guidance Note on Constitution-Making Assistance and provided technical advice and programming support on constitutional issues to the Country Offices and Regional Bureaux covering Somalia, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Libya, Yemen, Burundi, Burkina Faso and Fiji, including on gender issues.
Charmaine was also the UNDP Pacific Regional Democratic Institutions & Accountability Specialist (2007-12) in Suva, Fiji Islands, where she was responsible for UNDP's regional support to parliamentary development, women's political participation and anti-corruption programming. Prior to that, Charmaine was Right to Information Programme Manager (2003-6) at the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative in New Delhi, India and a Programme Officr at the Australian Agency for International Development (2001-3). She is an alumni of Melbourne Law School, graduating with an BA/LLB(Hons) in 1997 and has a Master of Socal Science (International Development) from RMIT University.
Aftab Hussain has a Master of International Relations from the University of Melbourne, as well as a Bachelor and Master of Electrical Engineering from the University of Engineering and Technology in Lahore, Pakistan. His interests lie in exploring the intersection of strategic interests and energy security in South Asia and the Middle East.
Aftab has more than 12 years project management and administration experience both in the energy and higher education sectors. Aftab has been providing professional services at the University of Melbourne for over two years. Prior to that, he was the Deputy Director (Technical) of Energy Projects at the National Transmission and Despatch Company, Pakistan, where he managed and executed the contracts with Independent Power Producers and other international stakeholders.
Hilary Charlesworth is a Melbourne Laureate Professor at Melbourne Law School. She is also a Distinguished Professor at the Australian National University. Her research includes the structure of the international legal system, peacebuilding, human rights law and international humanitarian law and international legal theory, particularly feminist approaches to international law. Hilary received the American Society of International Law’s award for creative legal scholarship for her book, co-authored with Christine Chinkin, The Boundaries of International Law. She was also awarded, with Christine Chinkin, the American Society of International Law’s Goler T. Butcher award for ‘outstanding contributions to the development or effective realization of international human rights law’.
Hilary has been a visiting professor at various institutions including Harvard Law School, New York University Global Law School, UCLA, Paris I and the London School of Economics. She is a member of the Executive Council of the Asian Society of International Law and a past President of the Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law. Hilary was appointed by the Australian government in 2015 to a second term as a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration. She is an associate member of the Institut de Droit International and served as judge ad hoc in the International Court of Justice in the Whaling in the Antarctic Case (2011-2014). In 2016 Hilary was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the Université Catholique de Louvain in Belgium.
Michael Crommelin is the Zelman Cowan Professor of Law at Melbourne Law School. He has published extensively in the fields of energy and resources law, constitutional law and comparative law. In 2009, Michael was made an officer of the Order of Australia for service to the law and to legal education, particularly as a tertiary educator and through the development of mining and petroleum law in Australia.
Michael holds a BA and LLB (Hons) from the University of Queensland and an LLM and PhD from the University of British Columbia. He has held visiting appointments at a number of universities, including the University of Oslo, the University of British Columbia, the University of Calgary and Georgetown University. In addition, Michael has served as President of AMPLA (the Australian Mineral and Petroleum Law Association) and as a member of the Council of the Section on Energy and Resources Law of the International Bar Association.
Tarun Khaitan an Associate Professor and Future Fellow at Melbourne Law School, and an Associate Professor and Hackney Fellow at Wadham College, Oxford. He is currently working on a project on the resilience of democratic constitutions, with a focus on South Asia. He is an expert on Indian and British constitutional law and institutions. His research interests include constitutional theory, discrimination law and legal philosophy.
Bruce Oswald has been interested in peacebuilding for more than two decades. His interest in this area of law and practice stems from his deployment to Rwanda in 1994 as the legal officer for the first Australian contingent serving with the United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR II). His more recent experiences serving as a military officer with the Counter-Insurgency Training Centre in Afghanistan in 2010 further developed his interest in better understanding how societies (national and local) transition from being in conflict to building institutions that encourage the peaceful settlement of disputes. His research considers the interface between peacebuilding and constitutional transformation, including the recognition of civil defence groups in interim constitutions and constitution making processes; the implications of pluralist legal systems for constitution building and law-making in the context of peacebuilding.
Adrienne Stone holds a Chair at Melbourne Law School where she is also an ARC Kathleen Fitzpatrick Australian Laureate Fellow, Redmond Barry Distinguished Professor, Director, Centre for Comparative Constitutional Studies.
Adrienne researches in the areas of constitutional law and constitutional theory with particular attention to freedom of expression. Her Laureate Fellowship on the theme 'Balancing Diversity and Social Cohesion in Democratic Constitutions' investigates how Constitutions, in their design and in their application, can unify while nurturing the diversity appropriate for a complex, modern society. She has published widely in international journals including in the International Journal of Constitutional Law, the Toronto Law Journal and in the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies.
Adrienne is the First Vice President of the International Association of Constitutional Law; Vice President of the Australian Association of Constitutional Law and is an elected Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law. Through the Centre for Comparative Constitutional Studies she is extensively engaged with government and non-governmental organisations.
She has taught at law schools in Australia, the United States and Canada and delivered papers and lectures by invitation at numerous universities in Australia, North America, Europe and China. In 2011, she was a Visiting Professor at Georgetown University Law Centre in Washington DC.
Tim Lindsey is one of Australia’s leading experts on Indonesian law. He is Malcolm Smith Professor of Asian Law, Redmond Barry Distinguished Professor and Director of the Centre for Indonesian Law, Islam and Society at the Melbourne Law School. Tim has won national and university teaching awards, and was an ARC Federation Fellow from 2006 to 2011. His publications include Indonesia: Law and Society; Islam, Law and the State in Southeast Asia (three volumes); The Indonesian Constitution; Drugs Law and Practice in Southeast Asia; Religion, Law and Intolerance in Indonesia; and Strangers Next Door: Indonesia and Australia in the Asian Century. He is a founder and an executive editor of The Australian Journal of Asian Law.
Carlos Arturo Villagrán Sandoval
Carlos Arturo Villagrán Sandoval is a researcher and lecturer at the Instituto de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales of the Universidad Rafael Landívar, Guatemala. His research focus is on topics related to Central American Constitutions and Integration, Comparative Regionalism and Public International Law. He obtained his PhD (Law) at Melbourne Law School and holds a Master in Public and International Law from the same institution and a Licentiate in Juridical and Social Sciences from Universidad Rafael Landívar.
Before commencing his PhD, he was Human Rights Adviser and State Council for the Guatemalan Government within the Project of Historical Memory and Human Rights for Peace of the United Nations Development Programme. He is currently also a Legal Advisor to the Ministry Foreign Relations of Guatemala, specifically dealing with Guatemala’s Territorial, Insular and Maritime Claim (Guatemala/Belize) at the International Court of Justice. Carlos Arturo has litigated at the Guatemalan Constitutional Court, advised human rights groups, and drafted reports for international organizations on matters relating to foreign affairs, rule of law and the protection of human rights in Guatemala.
CTN Policy Paper Series
Policy Paper No.1 - "A Constitutional Court for Sri Lanka?"
Constitutional Courts are a global phenomenon. In this Policy Paper, Tom Daly examines the purpose of Constitutional Courts, options for their design and their potential pitfalls. While the Paper addresses the specific context of Sri Lanka, where a new Constitutional Court has been proposed as part of wider constitutional reforms, the comparative insights have wider application to all states considering creating a Constitutional Court or implementing a newly established Constitutional Court.
Policy Paper No.2 - "Constitutional Design: Options for Decentralizing Power"
The functions of government that a state performs can be decentralized in various ways and to varying degrees. This Paper is divided into 3 parts, which together are intended to guide the reader in understanding the key building blocks involved in building a decentralized state and identifying the key design issues involved. The paper identifies 3 common models of decentralisation, using country case studies to explain the key design features of eeach model.
CTN Policy Briefs Series
CTN Policy Brief: "Direct Public Participation in Constitution-Making"
This Policy Brief examines the practice of public consultation in constitution‐making from a critical point of view. The growing momentum for public participation in constitution‐making is supported by normative arguments, which can broadly be categorised under the headings of democracy and ‘the rights‐based approach’. However, clarity is required in understanding the purpose, modalities and outcomes of public participation in constitution‐making.
CTN Policy Brief: "Women and Constitutions in Action"
What is the significance of ‘the woman question’ to our understanding of constitutions in action? Recent work on women and constitution-building has focused on textual provisions for women’s equality and the participation of women in the process of constitution making. In contrast, this Policy Brief, informed by the insights gathered from the Australia-ASEAN Women in Constitution-Building Capacity Development Program, focuses on how constitutional governance in practice affects women. By shifting the focus in this way, we hope to respond to a broader range of challenges and opportunities that women encounter in ensuring that constitutional practices and institutions are inclusive of women, represent the interests of women, and respect women’s right to substantive equality.
CTN Reports & Submissions
CTN Submission to Australian Government Foreign Policy White Paper Taskforce
In December 2016, the Australian Government announced its intention to develop a new Foreign Policy White Paper. In developing the White Paper, the Government committed to undertaking public consultations. As part of that process, the Government released a call for public submissions.
Between December 2016 and May 2017, the Foreign Policy White Paper Taskforce convened 24 roundtable discussions across Australia; met more than 60 prominent Australians and subject-matter experts; and received over 9,200 written submissions. The Constitution Transformation Network made a written submission to the Taskforce in February 2017.
CTN/FBA Report: "Constitutional Implementation for Sustainable Peace"
This Report examines the topical issue of the connections between Peace Agreements and Constitutions. Peace Agreements made in conflict-affected settings often call for constitutional change. However, while it is important for some kinds of commitments made in peace agreements to be reflected in the text of the Constitution, these constitutional provisions must themselves be given practical effect, if constitutional change is to contribute to sustainable peace. This Report develops a new analytical framework for understanding the connections between Peace Agreements and Constitutions in the interests of sustainable peace. This framework sets out what is involved in constitutional implementation (covering both textual and substantive implementation) and identifies the contribution that the processes and the outcomes of constitutional implementation can make to sustainable peace. The analytical framework was tested through an initial case study of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, a region within the state of Papua New Guinea.
CTN/VTAC Paper: "Potential powers and matters that are within the jurisdiction of the State of Victoria and that are potentially negotiable within the Victorian indigenous treaty process"
On 10 December 2019, the First Peoples' Assembly of Victoria was inaugurated in the Victorian Parliament House. The Assembly was elected by first peoples from across the State of Victoria and will work with the Victorian Government to prepare for treaty negotiations. In advance of the establishment of the Assembly, preparations were managed by the Victorian Treaty Advancement Commission (VTAC). To support the work of the Assembly, VTAC commissioned a number of papers, which will now be shared with the Assembly to inform their own work. ConTransNet was requested by VTAC to develop a paper identifying the potential powers and matters that are within the jurisdiction of the State of Victoria and that are potentially negotiable within the treaty process.
CTN/NRI: "Greater Autonomy and Independence for Bougainville: Institutional Options and Issues for Transition"
The National Research Institute of Papua New Guinea commissioned ConTransNet to prepare two studies to help inform the work of leaders in Bougainville and Papua New Guinea on future governance arrangements for Bougainville. The first study compared five aspects of governance for Bougainville under the existing arrangements, ‘greater autonomy’ and independence. This report was written before the 2019 referendum to inform understanding of the two choices before the people of Bougainville at the referendum. It remains relevant as a wide ranging and independent account of the issues that the consultations between government need to take into account. The second study is still underway and will be completed in mid-2020.
Melbourne Forum Reports
First Melbourne Forum on Constitution Building in Asia and the Pacific: "Constitution Building in States with Territorially Based Societal Conflict"
The Melbourne Forum on Constitution Building is an annual event co-hosted by the Constitution Transformation Network and International IDEA. The inaugural Melbourne Forum brought together leading academics and practitioners from across Asia and the Pacific to discuss constitution-building in contexts where there is territorially defined societal conflict. Some states in the region have well-established constitutions that were designed with an eye to managing societal conflict, in other states, constitution building is either underway or pending. This report captures insights from eleven polities in the Asia Pacific region, on the themes of federalism and devolution, special autonomy, constitution making processes and constitutional implementation.
Second Melbourne Forum on Constitution Building in Asia and the Pacific: "From Big-Bang to Incrementalism"
The Second Melbourne Forum, jointly organised by International IDEA and ConTransNet, focused on the magnitude of constitutional change. In terms of process, the Forum explored the choices between making a new constitution, with or without legal rupture; amending an existing Constitution; or avoiding, limiting or postponing formal constitutional change altogether. In relation to substance, the Forum considered how countries have approached major institutional change to the form of government (shifting between parliamentary, semi-presidential and presidential systems) and to the form of the state (shifting between a unitary and a federal or devolved system). This interim report collects together the contributions from scholars and practitioners from across the Asia-Pacific region on each of these themes.
Third Melbourne Forum on Constitution Building in Asia and the Pacific: "Implications of Culture for Constitution-Building"
The Third Melbourne Forum, jointly organised by International IDEA and ConTransNet, focused on the magnitude of constitutional change. Culture affects constitutional arrangements in all parts of the world. The Asia‐Pacific region offers a particularly useful context for this purpose, as the region is home to an extraordinary variety of cultures.The Forum aimed to deepen our understanding of how culture interacts with constitution building across Asia and the Pacific, in ways that throw light on the issues presented by culture in this important region and that inform global practice more generally. It also sought to reflect upon the additional challenges presented by cultural considerations for the implementation of new constitutional arrangements, which almost invariably requires cultural change of some kind. This interim report collects together the contributions from scholars and practitioners across five key themes and includes links to presenter's papers.
Fourth Melbourne Forum on Constitution Building in Asia and the Pacific: "Inclusion and Participation in Constitution-Building Processes"
Inclusion and participation are familiar topics in constitution building. They can be interdependent - even the most broad-based participation, for example, may raise questions about who to include - but they also raise distinct issues as well. There remains some ambivalence, both in the literature and in practice, about both the inherent value of inclusion and participation and the ways in which they can be made effective. Concerns fall into at least five categories asking: why, who, when, how and to what effect? Experience offers insight into each of these questions, without finally resolving them. The many questions raised by inclusion and participation in constitution-building were explored during the 2019 Melbourne Forum, drawing primarily on the experience of constitution-building in Asia and the Pacific.
ConTransNet has implemented a range of research and capacity-building Projects which aim to provide practical guidance to policy-makers and other stakeholders on critical constitutional transformation issues and approaches.
Greater autonomy or independence for Bougainville: institutional options and issues for transition
Australia-ASEAN Women in Constitution-Building Capacity Development Program
Research for Victorian Treaty Advancement Commission
Research on Constitutional Implementation for Sustainable Peace
Somalia Constitution-Making Project: Working with the Melbourne Somali diaspora
The Melbourne Forum on Constitution Building in Asia and the Pacific is an annual event jointly organized by the Constitution Transformation Network and the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA). The Forum brings together practitioners and scholars from across Asia and the Pacific to share experiences on a topic related to constitutional transformation.
About the Melbourne Forum
The Melbourne Forum aims to build connections between practitioners, scholars and organisations engaged in constitution building, within the Asia-Pacific region and globally.
2020 Melbourne Forum
Theme: "Representation in Democracies During Emergencies"
2019 Melbourne Forum
Theme: "Inclusion and Participation in Constitution-Building Processes"
2018 Melbourne Forum
Theme: "Implications of Culture for Constitution-Building"
2017 Melbourne Forum
Theme: "From Big Bang to Incrementalism: Choices and Challenges in Constitution Building"
2016 Melbourne Forum
Theme: "Constitution Building in States with Territorially Based Society Conflict"
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